Energy & Power
Forecast-based battery energy storage promising for grid, Griffith finds
By Anthony Capkun
April 7, 2015 – Griffith University (Australia) says research into energy storage and supply holds the promise of cheaper, better-quality power for the low-voltage (LV) electricity distribution network.
According to research from Griffith’s School of Engineering (and published in “Applied Energy”), a forecast-based, 3-phase battery energy storage scheduling and operation system provides benefits such as reduced peak demand, more-efficient load balancing and better management of supply from solar photovoltaics (PV).
PHOTO (left to right): Griffith University’s Associate Professor Rodney Stewart, researcher Chris Bennett and professor Jun Wei Lu. Photo courtesy Griffith University.
Working under the supervision of associate professor Rodney Stewart and professor Jun Wei Lu, researcher Chris Bennett has developed and applied an intelligent scheduling system to a South-East Queensland-based LV distribution network servicing 128 residential customers.
“The low-voltage network is a typical suburb of a few hundred homes where there is a single area transformer and, recently, there has been a substantial increase in the number of homes with installed residential solar PV in these settings,” noted Bennett.
“Daily peak demand in residential networks typically occurs in the evenings in summer and both late morning and evening in winter. But because solar PV generation is dependent on incoming solar radiation, peak generation occurs during the middle of the day, typically when demand in the residential distribution network is low,” Bennett explained, adding, “This means there is an incongruity between when energy is generated and when it is required, which can lead to power supply and quality issues.”
He noted how with a battery energy storage (BES) system comprising lithium-ion battery banks coupled with smart power control systems—and featuring embedded intelligent forecasting software—“we can better manage the LV network”.
Stewart said the recent significant uptake of solar PV has in some locations created issues in the LV network, including surplus power being pushed up the grid, unbalanced phases and poor power quality.
“Our solution tackles these immediate issues while also setting the foundation for a future smart grid,” Stewart said.
“The two main advantages of intelligent BES in the LV network are that we can mitigate power quality issues attributed to fluctuations in generation from renewable energy sources such as PV, and we can store surplus energy gathered during the middle of the day and distribute it when it is needed in the evening peak period.”
Stewart went on to say that, were such a system implemented across an entire city, “it would reduce wholesale peak generation charges, alleviate costly upgrades to the grid, reduce the average time of outages and improve power quality for customers”.